HLA antigens and acute rheumatic fever: evidence for a recessive susceptibility gene linked to HLA

M Hafez, A Chakravarti, F el-Shennawy, Z el-Morsi, S H el-Sallab, Y Al-Tonbary
Genetic Epidemiology 1985, 2 (3): 273-82
From 60 probands with acute rheumatic fever (ARF), 19 multiplex families segregating for ARF were ascertained. The parents and rheumatic and normal sibs of the probands in these 19 families were also studied. HLA typing using the microlymphocytotoxic assay was then performed on the 60 unrelated probands, the multiplex families, and 234 unrelated controls using 23 antigens from the HLA-A and -B loci. The controls lacked a past history of ARF and were from the same geographic locality. Calculations of relative risk demonstrate an increase of HLA-B5 antigen in the 60 patients, but the result might not be significant from the point of view of multiple comparisons. Nevertheless, affected sib pairs from the multiplex families show 93% concordance for both or one HLA haplotype. A formal linkage analysis demonstrates that a recessive etiology is most likely (lod score of 3.3) with approximately 68% of cases being due to a gene closely linked to HLA and in linkage disequilibrium with HLA-B5. The remaining 32% of cases are due to other familial factors such as polygenic inheritance or common environmental factors. The results confirm a strong genetic predisposition to ARF and its heterogeneous nature in families.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.