JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ocular findings in the facioauriculovertebral sequence (Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome)

A M Mansour, F Wang, P Henkind, R Goldberg, R Shprintzen
American Journal of Ophthalmology 1985 October 15, 100 (4): 555-9
4050929
We reviewed the ocular findings in 57 consecutive patients with the facioauriculovertebral sequence (Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome). Epibulbar choristomas were detected in 18 cases (32%), a much lower occurrence than reported previously. Various motility disorders (11 cases, 19%), blepharoptosis or narrow palpebral fissures (seven cases, 12%), eyelid colobomas (six cases, 11%), and lacrimal drainage system anomalies (six cases, 11%) were more frequent than previously noted. These ocular findings were more common in the patients with epibulbar choristomas. Of the various features of the Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome (skin tags, microtia, hemifacial microsomia, and vertebral anomalies), only skin tags correlated positively with the laterality of epibulbar choristomas. Preauricular and facial tags represent choristomas, explaining their association with epibulbar choristomas and the laterality they share.

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