JOURNAL ARTICLE

Electrocardiographic and vectorcardiographic diagnosis of posterior wall myocardial infarction. Significance of the T wave

I Eisenstein, M E Sanmarco, W L Madrid, R H Selvester
Chest 1985, 88 (3): 409-16
4028851
The electrocardiographic diagnosis of posterior wall myocardial infarction remains elusive. To determine discriminating criteria a group of 27 patients with posterior infarction proven by biplane angiocardiography were compared to 97 controls. All patients had single-vessel obstruction of the circumflex artery or one of its major branches (greater than or equal to 75 percent area stenosis) without occlusive disease in the other coronary arteries. High-frequency, high-gain electrocardiograms and Cube and McFee vectorcardiograms were analyzed. Pathologic Q waves in the inferior leads were present in only 22 percent (six) of the patients; increased R-wave amplitude or duration in the right precordial leads was found in 17 to 26 percent, and an R/S ratio greater than or equal to I in lead V1 or greater than or equal to 1.5 in lead V2 was present in 22 percent (six) of patients. Vectorcardiographic criteria which improved the diagnostic yield were: (1) the presence of a QRS loop mostly anterior to the E point, and (2) the presence of an abnormally anterior T wave. This abnormal T-wave shift was present in over 70 percent of the patients with posterior infarctions and was clearly discernible from the 12-lead ECG, as manifested by tall T waves in lead V2 and flat T waves in lead V6. To approximate the T-wave angle in the 12-lead scalar ECG, an index was calculated by subtracting the amplitude of the T wave in lead V6 from its amplitude in lead V2 (T2-T6 index). An index of 0.38 mV or more yielded a sensitivity of 81 percent and a specificity of 75 percent; however, this was not as discriminating as the vectorcardiogram where a T angle of 60 degrees or more in the horizontal plane yielded a sensitivity of 70 percent and a specificity of 97 percent.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
4028851
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"