Site of conduction delay and electrophysiologic significance of first-degree atrioventricular block in children with heart disease

P Sherron, E Torres-Arraut, D Tamer, O L Garcia, G S Wolff
American Journal of Cardiology 1985 May 1, 55 (11): 1323-7
Associated electrophysiologic abnormalities and site of delay were studied in 20 patients, aged 1.5 to 16.5 years, with congenital heart disease and first-degree atrioventricular (AV) block (PR interval above the 98th percentile for age and heart rate). Eight of the 20 patients with first-degree AV block were studied after 1 or more cardiovascular operations. Refractory periods of the atrium, AV node, His-Purkinje system and ventricle were determined. As a further test for AV nodal integrity, rapid atrial pacing was performed and the cycle at which Wenckebach periodicity occurred was noted. Four groups were identified. Group I included 4 patients (20%) with intraatrial conduction delay (long PA interval). Three patients had depressed sinus nodal function and 1 had depressed AV nodal function. Group II included 7 patients (35%) with AV nodal delay (long AH interval). One patient had sinus nodal depression and 2 had AV nodal depression (prolonged AV nodal refractory period or Wenckebach at a long paced cycle length). Group III included 3 patients (15%) with His-Purkinje delay (long HV interval). Measured functions were normal in all patients. Group IV included 6 patients (30%) with normal or high normal intracardiac intervals with long PR. One patient had sinus nodal dysfunction, 2 patients had long atrial refractory periods, 1 had AV nodal depression; 2 had long refractory period of the His-Purkinje system, and 1 had long ventricular refractory period. Atrial flutter was induced in 1 patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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