RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
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Multifocal choroiditis associated with progressive subretinal fibrosis.

Five patients (all female, 14 to 34 years old) had an unusual form of multifocal choroiditis resulting in progressive subretinal fibrosis. This condition differed from other multifocal choroidal diseases such as acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, birdshot retinochoroidopathy, and punctate inner choroiditis. Instead of forming atrophic or pigmented chorioretinal scars, the acute lesion healed with the formation of discrete, sharply angulated subretinal scars. In the macula the lesions coalesced, forming broad zones of subretinal fibrosis. Serous and hemorrhagic macular detachment may occur during the course of the disease with fluorescein angiographic features suggesting subretinal neovascularization. Subretinal neovascularization could not, however, explain the widespread scarring. Although progressive subretinal fibrosis may be considered an unusual outcome for a variety of other diseases, we believe that it is a distinct clinical entity distinguishable from other multifocal choroidal diseases. Retinal pigment epithelial hyperplasia may cause the condition.

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