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Wide-Range and Multistate Work Functions of Organometallic Halide Perovskite Films Regulated by Ferroelectric Substrates.

Work function of organometallic halide perovskite (OHP) films is one of the most crucial photoelectric properties, which dominates the carrier dynamics in OHP-based devices. Despite surface treatments by additives being widely used to promote crystallization and passivate defects in OHP films, these chemical strategies for modulation of work functions face two trade-offs: homogeneity on the surface versus along the thickness; the range versus the accuracy of modulation. Herein, by using ferroelectric substrates of uniform polarization and subnanometer roughness, homogeneous CH3 NH3 PbI3 films are fabricated with five states of work functions with large spanning (∼0.8 eV) and high precision (sd ∼ 0.01 eV). We reveal that the ferroelectric polarizations and the smooth surfaces regulate CH3 NH3 + orientations and suppress distortions of PbI6 octahedrons. The wide-range and multistate work functions originate from the ordered CH3 NH3 + orientations and PbI6 octahedrons, which result in intensity enhancements and wavelength shifts in photoluminescence with a 30-fold increase of photoexcited carrier lifetime.

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