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Efficacy and Safety of RelabotulinumtoxinA, a New Ready-to-Use Liquid Formulation Botulinum Toxin: Results From the READY-1 Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trial in Glabellar Lines.

BACKGROUND: RelabotulinumtoxinA (RelaBoNT-A, Galderma, Uppsala, Sweden) is an innovative, ready-to-use liquid botulinum toxin A, produced using PEARLTM manufacturing technology that yields a potent, complex-free formulation.

OBJECTIVES: The READY-1 study examined efficacy and safety outcomes following a single RelaBoNT-A treatment for glabellar line correction.

METHODS: Adults with moderate-to-severe glabellar lines received RelaBoNT-A (50 U) or placebo in a 3:1 randomized, 6-month, Phase 3, multicenter, double-blind study. Primary endpoints (examined at Month 1, maximum frown) comprised the composite ≥2-grade response, defined as ≥2-grades' improvement from baseline on concurrent investigator (GL-ILA) and subject (GL-SLA) severity scales (US endpoint), and the investigator-reported responder rate for subjects scored as 0 (none) or 1 (mild) (GL-ILA scale only; EU endpoint). Subject satisfaction and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported.

RESULTS: Overall, 297 adults were randomized and treated. Month 1 composite ≥2-grade responder rate was 82.9% (RelaBoNT-A, N=199) versus 0% (placebo, N=67; p<0.001). Month 1 investigator-reported none-or-mild responder rate was 96.3% (RelaBoNT-A) versus 4.5% (placebo; p<0.001). GL-ILA scores (none-or-mild; ≥1-grade improvement) remained higher with RelaBoNT-A (23.6%; 58.1%) versus placebo (1.5%; 10.4%) through Month 6 (p<0.001). In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, 75% still showed GL-ILA and GL-SLA improvements from baseline at 169 days (end-of-study). Subjects reported onset of effect from Day 1 (39%) and satisfaction with natural-looking results (96.8%; Month 1). RelaBoNT-A-related TEAEs were low (3.6%) and typically mild.

CONCLUSIONS: A single RelaBoNT-A treatment was effective and demonstrated a favorable safety profile. RelaBoNT-A provided significant improvements in glabellar line severity, high satisfaction, rapid onset, and enduring effectiveness throughout the 6-month study period.

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