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Multifunctional In-Memory Logics Based on a Dual-Gate Antiambipolar Transistor toward Non-von Neumann Computing Architecture.

In-memory computing may make it possible to realize non-von Neumann computing because the logic circuits are unified in the memory units. We investigated two types of in-memory logic operations, namely, two-input logic circuits and multifunctional artificial synapses. These were realized in a dual-gate antiambipolar transistor (AAT) with a ReS2 /WSe2 heterojunction, in which polystyrene with a zinc phthalocyanine core (ZnPc-PS4 ) was incorporated as a memory layer. Here, reconfigurability is a key concept for both types of device operations and was achieved by merging the Λ-shaped transfer curve of the AAT and the nonvolatile memory effect of ZnPc-PS4 . First, we achieved electrically reconfigurable two-input logic circuits. Versatile logic circuits such as AND, OR, NAND, NOR, and XOR circuits were demonstrated by taking advantage of the Λ-shaped transfer curve of the dual-gate AAT. Importantly, the nonvolatile memory function provided the electrical switching of the individual circuits between AND/OR, NAND/NOR, and XOR/NAND circuits with constant input signals. Second, the memory effect was applied to multifunctional artificial synapses. The inhibitory/excitatory and long-term potentiation/depression synaptic operations were electrically reconfigured simply by controlling one parameter (readout voltage), making three distinct responses possible even with the same presynaptic signals. These findings provide hints that may lead to the realization of new in-memory computing architectures beyond the current von Neumann computers.

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