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The Impact of Cohort Management on Disease Perception, Fear of Disease Progression, Nutritional Status, and Quality of Life in Patients with Lymphoma.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the impact of cohort management on illness perception, fear of disease progression, nutritional status, and quality of life among patients with lymphoma.

METHODS: A total of 128 cases of lymphoma patients admitted to Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, between April 2020 and November 2021 were included as research participants. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: a 64-member control group and a 64-member observation group. The observation group received group management, while the control group received standard nursing care. Before and after the intervention, assessments were conducted to evaluate disease perception, fear of disease progression, nutritional status, and quality of life, with comparisons made between the two groups.

RESULTS: No clinically significant differences (P > .05) were observed between the two groups regarding gender, age, chemotherapy cycles, clinical stage, disease type, or other general characteristics. Disease awareness showed no significant disparity between groups pre-intervention (P > .05), but post-intervention, the observation group exhibited marked improvement (P < .05). Initially, fear of disease progression did not differ significantly between groups (P > .05), but post-intervention, the observation group demonstrated lower scores in total fear of disease progression, social, family, and physical health domains compared to the control group (P < .05). While nutritional status comparisons initially resulted in no significant differences (P > .05), levels of serum albumin, prealbumin, hemoglobin, lymphocytes, and ferritin were notably higher in the observation group post-intervention (P < .05). Quality of life assessments showed no significant disparity pre-intervention (P > .05); however, post-intervention, the observation group experienced significantly reduced dyspnea, insomnia, and appetite loss (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: Participation in cohort management interventions benefits lymphoma patients by enhancing emotional coping and improving nutritional health and quality of life.

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