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A Biphasic Strategy to Synergistically Accelerate Activation and CO Spillover in Formic Acid Oxidation Catalysis.

Nano Letters 2024 June 21
Developing highly efficient and carbon monoxide (CO)-tolerant platinum (Pt) catalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR) is vital for direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs), yet it is challenging due to the high energy barrier of direct intermediates (HCOO* and COOH*) as well as the CO poisoning issues associated with Pt alloy catalysts. Here we present a versatile biphasic strategy by creating a hexagonal/cubic crystalline-phase-synergistic PtPb/C ( h / c -PtPb/C) catalyst to tackle the aforementioned issues. Detailed investigations reveal that h / c -PtPb/C can simultaneously facilitate the adsorption of direct intermediates while inhibiting CO adsorption, thereby significantly improving the activation and CO spillover. As a result, h / c -PtPb/C showcases an outstanding FAOR activity of 8.1 A mgPt -1 , which is 64.5 times higher than that of commercial Pt/C and significantly surpasses monophasic PtPb. Moreover, the h / c -PtPb/C-based membrane electrode assembly exhibits an exceptional peak power density of 258.7 mW cm-2 for practical DFAFC applications.

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