Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase by natural isothiocyanates.

GOAL: The long-term goal of our research is to develop safe and effective soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors. The objective of this study is to evaluate the potency and selectivity of six natural isothiocyanates (ITCs) as sEH inhibitors.

METHODS: Molecular docking was used to model likely interactions between the ligands and receptors. The sEH inhibitory activity was tested using a validated fluorescence-based assay and PHOME as a substrate. To evaluate their selectivity as sEH inhibitors, the inhibitory potential of the ITCs was determined on microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in human liver microsomes. Probe substrates such as styrene oxide (mEH substrate) and established substrates for CYP2A6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 were used in this study. The metabolites of these substrates were analyzed using validated LC-MS/MS and HPLC-UV assays.

RESULTS: Molecular Docking revealed significant differences in binding site preference among the ITCs in silico and pointed to important interactions between the ligands and the catalytic residues of the sEH enzyme. In vitro, the ITCs showed varying degrees of sEH inhibition, but sulforaphane (SFN) and phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) were the most potent inhibitors with IC50 values of 3.65 and 7.5 μM, respectively. mEH was not significantly inhibited by any of the ITCs. Erucin and iberin were the only ITCs that did not inhibit the activity of any of the tested CYP enzymes.

CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that natural ITCs have the potential to offer safe, selective, and potent sEH inhibition.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app