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Evaluation of the Effect of Conversion of Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation to Sinus Rhythm on Cardiac Remodeling.

Curēus 2024 May
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia globally, with a significant burden on mortality and morbidity. While rhythm control strategies, particularly electrical cardioversion (EC), have gained traction in recent years, the precise impact of sinus rhythm (SR) restoration on cardiac reverse remodeling remains a subject of debate.

METHODS: In this study, 23 AF patients underwent elective EC. AF diagnosis was made via ECG by a cardiologist, and candidates for cardioversion were selected by an electrophysiologist. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) by utilizing two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and tissue Doppler imaging modalities was performed before cardioversion. Patients who maintained SR after six months underwent a second TTE evaluation.

RESULTS: SR was restored successfully in all 23 patients and 15 patients (65.2%) maintained SR after six months. SR group had significantly lower baseline cardiac output (CO) and indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESVi), and better European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) scores after six months. Within the SR group, patients exhibited significant changes in mitral regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation, EHRA score, LVESVi, stroke volume, left ventricle ejection fraction, left ventricle global longitudinal strain, indexed minimum left atrial volume, left atrial emptying fraction, and left and right atrial diameters. Reduced CO was associated with AF recurrence. Receiver operating curve analysis revealed that CO value can predict six-month AF recurrence with a cut-off point of 2.3.

CONCLUSION: Our study underscores the beneficial effects of SR restoration on cardiac parameters in AF patients post EC. Notably, CO value emerged as a predictor of AF recurrence, emphasizing the importance of comprehensive assessments for predicting long-term outcomes.

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