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Comprehensive Treatment of Total Arch Replacement in a Patient With Liver Cirrhosis: A Case Report.

Curēus 2024 May
A 78-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis due to chronic hepatitis C visited our department for treatment of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Her Child-Pugh classification was class A, and her model for end-stage liver (MELD) disease score was 8. As she also had thrombocytopenia associated with splenomegaly and esophageal varices, endoscopic injection sclerotherapy and partial splenic embolization were performed before total arch replacement surgery for treating esophageal varices to reduce the bleeding risk during transesophageal echocardiography and for thrombocytopenia, respectively. After endoscopic injection sclerotherapy and partial splenic embolization, the platelet count increased; hence, total arch replacement surgery was performed. By combining partial splenic embolization and endoscopic injection sclerotherapy, we were able to safely perform transesophageal echocardiography and total arch replacement surgery in the perioperative period.

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