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Analysis of the Key Points of Nursing Cooperation and Implementation Effects of Primary Nephrotic Syndrome in Children Complicated with Hyponatremia.

OBJECTIVE: Hyponatremia is one of the main types of complications of primary nephrotic syndrome in children, which can cause significant damage to the patient's nervous system and can lead to death or shock if not intervened early. In addition, patients are relatively young and often need to pay attention to the nursing cooperation of various key points in order to achieve ideal clinical treatment effects. To analyze the key points of nursing cooperation and the implementation effects of primary nephrotic syndrome in children complicated with hyponatremia.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 100 children with primary nephrotic syndrome complicated with hyponatremia admitted to our Hospital from January 2018 to November 2022 was conducted as the study objects. They were divided into a control and observation groups, with 50 cases each. Among them, the control group received routine nursing, while the observation group paid attention to various key points of nursing cooperation. This includes paying close attention to changes in plasma osmotic pressure, blood sodium, and electrocardiogram indicators, being alert to the above situations, and taking appropriate treatment measures in a timely manner; nursing staff need to guide family members to cooperate in alleviating clinical related symptoms, guide family members to avoid giving children irritating foods, and control the intake of sodium chloride. Guide parents to adjust their clothing and keep their skin dry and clean. Guide parents to provide psychological support for children and other key points of nursing cooperation. After different nursing measures were taken for the two groups, the scores of Quality of Life Core Questionnaire Scale related to patients after nursing, renal functions after nursing, and coagulation function indicators after nursing of the two groups were evaluated. Simultaneously compare the nursing efficacy, incidence of adverse reactions, and overall satisfaction rate of their family members between the two groups.

RESULTS: The scores of the core questionnaire scale of quality of life after nursing (physical function, emotional function, cognitive function, social function), coagulation function indexes after nursing (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin), nursing efficacy, and the total satisfaction rate of patients' families were compared between the two groups. The observation group was higher than the control group (P < .05). The renal function indexes after nursing (serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, α1-microglobulin, 24h urine protein quantitative) and the incidence of adverse reactions (gastrointestinal discomfort, hypoglycemia, abnormal liver function) were compared between the two groups. The observation group was lower than the control group (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: As an auxiliary treatment intervention measure, the clinical effects obtained from the practice of nursing cooperation of each key point and the support of family members provide important strategic guidance for the selection of nursing strategies for children with primary nephrotic syndrome and hyponatremia. Such potential improvements have greatly promoted the improvement of the quality and efficiency of the entire department of pediatric nephrology and nursing, and are worthy of clinical promotion. That is, the focus of nursing cooperation should pay attention to the key points of nursing cooperation for children with primary nephrotic syndrome and hyponatremia to improve the quality of life of patients. Future studies can explore the universality of the application effect of relevant nursing points in other children.

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