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Evaluating the lipid accumulation product index as a predictor for kidney stone prevalence: insights from NHANES 2007-2018.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the relationship between the lipid accumulation product (LAP) index and kidney stone prevalence, utilizing data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) spanning 2007 to 2018.

METHODS: An observational study was executed employing the NHANES dataset from 2007 to 2018. Analytical methods encompassed multivariate logistic regression, restricted cubic splines (RCS), subgroup analysis, and interaction tests. Predictions were made using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC) values.

RESULTS: The analysis included 9744 adults aged 20 years and older. Multivariate logistic regression identified a significant positive association between log2 -transformed LAP (treated as a continuous variable) and kidney stone risk across all models, with odds ratios (ORs) exceeding 1 and p values less than 0.001. Categorically, ORs escalated with increasing LAP levels, indicating a dose-response relationship. The RCS analysis confirmed a linear positive correlation between log2 -transformed LAP and kidney stone risk. Subgroup analyses revealed that the log2 -transformed LAP-kidney stones relationship was consistent, unaffected by stratification across the examined variables. In addition, LAP index (AUC = 0.600) proved to be a more effective predictor of kidney stones compared to body mass index (AUC = 0.584).

CONCLUSION: Elevated LAP levels are positively correlated with a higher incidence of kidney stones, signifying its potential as a risk marker for this condition. Future research should investigate the mechanisms underlying this relationship. LAP can be used as a new anthropometric index to predict kidney stones, and its predictive ability is stronger than body mass index.

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