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Role of Plant Materials with Anti-inflammatory Effects in Phytotherapy of Osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic articular degenerative disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation, synovial inflammation/immunity, and subchondral bone lesions. Recently, increasing interest has been devoted to treating or preventing OA with herbal medicines. The mechanism of action of plant raw materials used in osteoarthrosis treatment is well documented. They are sought after because of the high frequency of inflammation of the knee joint among both elderly and young people engaged in sports in which their knee joints are often exposed to high-stress conditions. The purpose of this work was to present some most effective and safe plant medicines with proven mechanisms of action that can help to alleviate the growing social problem of osteoarthrosis caused in recent years. A review of the available literature based primarily on the latest editions of ESCOP and EMA monographs and the latest scientific papers has made it possible to select and propose medical management of osteoarthrosis by ranking plant medicines according to their effectiveness. Clinical studies of raw plant materials, such as Harpagophyti radix, Olibanum indicum, and Urticae foliumet herba have indicated that these drugs should be considered the first choice in osteoarthrosis treatment. The efficacy of Rosae pseudo-fructus, Salicis cortex, Filipendulae ulmariae flos et herba, Ribis nigri folium, and externally applied Capsici fructus and Symphyti radix, has also been proven by pharmacological studies. All the plant medicines mentioned in the paper have been studied in detail in terms of their phytochemistry, which can help doctors in their decision-- making in the treatment of osteoarthrosis.

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