Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

I saw the swirl sign: Acute extravasation of blood within a hematoma.

Clinical Imaging 2024 May 26
The swirl sign is a finding on non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scans that represents an acute extravasation of blood into a hematoma filled with clotted blood. In it, a "swirl" of active bleeding within a body of acutely clotted blood is noted as a hypodense accumulation within a hyperdense fluid collection. Here, we describe a case in which a 35-year-old female presents unresponsive with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3 and is ultimately found to have a large frontal intraparenchymal hematoma with intraventricular extension and an area of low attenuation within the hyperattenuating fluid collection on CT, otherwise known as the swirl sign. This radiographic sign has been associated with hematoma expansion, worse clinical outcomes as measured by the Glasgow Outcome Scale, and higher mortality rates. As such, all patients suspected to have intracranial bleeds should have CT imaging done as soon as possible. When the swirl sign is identified on CT, providers are clued in to the risk of clinical deterioration and the urgent need for surgical evaluation.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app