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Ku70 Binding to YAP Alters PARP1 Ubiquitination to Regulate Genome Stability and Tumorigenesis.

Cancer Research 2024 June 12
YAP is a central player in cancer development with functions extending beyond its recognized role in cell growth regulation. Recent work has identified a link between YAP/TAZ and the DNA damage response. Here, we investigated the mechanistic underpinnings of the crosstalk between DNA damage repair and YAP activity. Ku70, a key component of the non-homologous end joining pathway to repair DNA damage, engaged in a dynamic competition with TEAD4 for binding to YAP, limiting the transcriptional activity of YAP. Depletion of Ku70 enhanced interaction between YAP and TEAD4 and boosted YAP transcriptional capacity. Consequently, Ku70 loss enhanced tumorigenesis in colon cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vivo. YAP impeded DNA damage repair and elevated genome instability by inducing PARP1 degradation through the SMURF2-mediated ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Analysis of HCC patient samples substantiated the link between Ku70 expression, YAP activity, PARP1 levels, and genome instability. In conclusion, this research provides insight into the mechanistic interactions between YAP and key regulators of DNA damage repair, highlighting the role of a Ku70-YAP-PARP1 axis in preserving genome stability.

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