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The Role and Mechanism of Ambra1-Mediated Mitophagy in TDCPP-Exposed Mouse Hippocampal Neurons.

Tri(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate (TDCPP) is one of the most widely used organophosphorus flame retardants in consumer products. TDCPP has been confirmed to be neurotoxic, but its mechanism has not been clarified and may be related to mitophagy. AMBRA1 can promote neurological autophagy, but whether AMBRA1 is involved in the mechanism of TDCPP-induced neurotoxicity has not been elucidated. In this study, the optimal neuronal damage model was established by exposing mice hippocampal neurons to TDCPP. Furthermore, on the basis of this model, siRNA was used to knock down AMBRA1. Combined with qRT-PCR and Western blot techniques, we identified AMBRA1-mediated mitophagy-induced neuronal damage in vitro mechanism. The experimental results indicated that TDCPP treatment for 24 h led to a decrease in the cell viability of mouse hippocampal neurons, causing neuronal damage. Meanwhile, TDCPP exposure increased autophagy marker proteins p62 and LC3B, and down-regulated mitochondrial DNA ND1 damage and TOMM20 protein, suggesting that TDCPP exposure promoted mitophagy. In addition, TDCPP exposure led to changes in the expression of AMBRA1 and the key factors of mitophagy, FUNDC1, PINK1, and PARKIN, whereas mitophagy was inhibited after knockdown of AMBRA1. The research results indicated that exposure to TDCPP induced neuronal damage and promoted mitophagy. The mechanism may be that AMBRA1 promoted mitophagy in neuronal cells through the PARKIN-dependent/non-dependent pathway. This study revealed the toxic effects of TDCPP on the nervous system and its potential molecular mechanisms, which provided important clues for further understanding the mechanism of action of AMBAR1-mediated mitophagy.

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