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IDH1 inhibition potentiates chemotherapy efficacy in pancreatic cancer.

Cancer Research 2024 June 7
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is associated with a five-year overall survival rate of just 13%, and development of chemotherapy resistance is nearly universal. PDAC cells overexpress wild-type IDH1 that can enable them to overcome metabolic stress, suggesting it could represent a therapeutic target in PDAC. Here, we found that anti-IDH1 therapy enhanced the efficacy of conventional chemotherapeutics. Chemotherapy treatment induced ROS and increased TCA cycle activity in PDAC cells, along with the induction of wild-type IDH1 expression as a key resistance factor. IDH1 facilitated PDAC survival following chemotherapy treatment by supporting mitochondrial function and antioxidant defense to neutralize reactive oxygen species through the generation of alpha-ketoglutarate and NADPH, respectively. Pharmacologic inhibition of wild-type IDH1 with ivosidenib synergized with conventional chemotherapeutics in vitro and potentiated the efficacy of sub-therapeutic doses of these drugs in vivo in murine PDAC models. This promising treatment approach is translatable through available and safe oral inhibitors and provides the basis of an open and accruing clinical trial testing this combination (NCT05209074).

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