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Comprehensive Target Engagement by the EZH2 Inhibitor Tulmimetostat Allows for Targeting of ARID1A Mutant Cancers.

Cancer Research 2024 June 5
Recurrent somatic mutations in the BAF chromatin remodeling complex subunit ARID1A occur frequently in advanced urothelial carcinoma, endometrial cancers, and ovarian clear cell carcinoma, creating an alternative chromatin state that may be exploited therapeutically. The histone methyltransferase EZH2 has previously been identified as targetable vulnerability in the context of ARID1A mutations. Here, we describe the discovery of tulmimetostat, an orally available, clinical stage EZH2 inhibitor and elucidate its therapeutic potential for treating ARID1A mutant tumors. Tulmimetostat administration achieved efficacy in multiple ARID1A mutant bladder, ovarian, and endometrial tumor models and improved cisplatin response in chemotherapy-resistant models. Consistent with its comprehensive and durable level of target coverage, tulmimetostat demonstrated greater efficacy than other PRC2-targeted inhibitors at comparable or lower exposures in a bladder cancer xenograft mouse model. Tulmimetostat mediated extensive changes in gene expression in addition to a profound reduction in global H3K27me3 levels in tumors. Phase I clinical pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data indicated that tulmimetostat exhibits durable exposure and profound target engagement. Importantly, a tulmimetostat controlled gene expression signature identified in whole blood from a cohort of 32 cancer patients correlated with tulmimetostat exposure, representing a pharmacodynamic marker for the assessment of target coverage for PRC2-targeted agents in the clinic. Collectively, this data suggests that tulmimetostat has the potential to achieve clinical benefit in solid tumors as a monotherapy but also in combination with chemotherapeutic agents and may be beneficial in various indications with recurrent ARID1A mutations.

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