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Retrospective registry of patients with locally advanced/metastatic HR + /HER2 - breast cancer treated in clinical practice in Andalusia.

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding the real-world effectiveness and safety of Cyclin Dependent Kinase 4/6 inhibitor (CDK4/6i) (palbociclib/ribociclib) just as a first-line treatment for patients with hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR + /HER2‒) metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether clinical or demographic characteristics limit access to first-line CDK4/6i treatment in clinical practice in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia (Spain) between November 2017 and April 2020. In addition, effectiveness will be described in an exploratory analysis.

METHODS: Physicians from 12 centers participated in selecting demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome data from women with HR + /HER2- MBC treated with or without CDK4/6i in addition to hormonal in the first-line setting, in a 3:1 proportion. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated progression-free rates (PFRs) and survival rates (SRs).

RESULTS: A total of 212 patients were included, of whom 175 (82.5%) were in the CDK4/6i treatment group and 37 (17.5%) were in the non-CDK4/6i treatment group (control group). Patients in the CDK 4/6i treatment group were younger (p = 0.0011), the biopsies of the metastatic site at the moment of the relapse were most commonly performed (p = 0.0454), and had multiple metastatic sites (p = 0.0025). The clinical benefit rate (CBR) was 82.3% in the CDK4/6i group and 67.8% in the control group. Median time to a progression event or death (PFS) was 20.4 months (95%CI 15.6-28) in the CDK4/6i group and 12.1 months (95%CI 7.9-not reached) in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS: Younger patients, biopsies of metastatic disease and with multiple metastatic sites were more frequently treated with CDK4/6i in our daily clinical practice.

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