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Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease related cirrhosis and incidence of portal vein thrombosis.

BACKGROUND: There is heterogeneous data on whether metabolic-associated steatohepatitis is an independent risk factor for portal vein thrombosis (PVT). We aim to compare the incidence of PVT in patients with cirrhosis with and without metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD).

METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study of patients with cirrhosis seen between 1 January 2016 and 31 January 2021. Patients with a history of hepatocellular cancer, liver transplant, Budd-Chiari syndrome, and intra-abdominal malignancies were excluded. Patients with cirrhosis were followed from their first hepatology visit for 180 days to determine the incidence of PVT. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to determine the relationship between MASLD with PVT.

RESULTS: We analyzed data from 2785 patients with cirrhosis who met inclusion and exclusion criteria [mean age: 61.0 ± 12.3 years, 44.3% female, 63.8% Whites and mean model for end-stage liver disease-sodium (MELD-Na) score: 11.7 ± 6.1]. MASLD was present in 21.7% of patients. A total of 89 patients developed PVT during the follow-up, which was fewer in patients with MASLD [2.0% vs. 3.5%, P = 0.04, unadjusted heart rate (HR): 0.60, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27-0.96, P = 0.04]. After adjusting for the demographics, MASLD-related comorbid conditions and MELD-Na score, MASLD was associated with a lower incidence of PVT as compared to non-MASLD cirrhosis (HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.21-0.92, P = 0.03). After adjusting for the indicators of Child-Pugh Turcotte score, the risk of PVT in patients with MASLD compared to non-MASLD was not statistically significant (HR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.22-1.13, P = 0.096).

CONCLUSION: PVT incidence was lower in patients with MASLD cirrhosis as compared to non-MASLD cirrhosis. However, the difference was not significantly different after adjusting for liver decompensation.

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