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Outcomes of patients with cardiac amyloidosis undergoing percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion.

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the safety and efficacy of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) devices in patients with cardiac amyloidosis. We examined the outcomes of patients with cardiac amyloidosis undergoing LAAO device implantation in a nationally representative cohort of patients.

METHODS: The National Readmissions Database (NRD) was analyzed from 2016 to 2019 to identify patients ≥ 18 years old with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing LAAO. Patients were divided into those with cardiac amyloidosis and those without cardiac amyloidosis. A multivariable logistic regression model was utilized to assess the independent association of cardiac amyloidosis with in-hospital, 30-day/90-day/180-day outcomes after adjusting for confounders.

RESULTS: Our cohort included 54,900 LAAO implantation procedures, of which 220 (0.4%) had cardiac amyloidosis. Patients with cardiac amyloidosis had a lower proportion of women and a lower prevalence of comorbidities including anemia, obesity, diabetes, and peripheral vascular disorders but a higher prevalence of stroke, as compared to those without cardiac amyloidosis. On multivariable analysis, cardiac amyloidosis was associated with significantly higher odds of peri-procedural major adverse events (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.69; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.41-5.14; p<0.01) and neurological complications (aOR: 5.48; 95% CI: 2.47-12.8; p<0.01). There was no difference in the odds of other peri-procedural complications, in-hospital mortality, hospital resource utilization, and 30/90/180-day all-cause/bleeding/stroke-related readmissions between both groups.

CONCLUSION: Patients with cardiac amyloidosis undergoing LAAO device implantation have an increased risk of peri-procedural complications without any difference in bleeding/stroke-related readmissions. These hypothesis-generating findings need validation in future prospective studies.

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