Comparative Study
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Conventional surgery in colon cancer with comparison to complete mesocolic excision and central vascular ligation: initial experience in a tertiary centre.

INTRODUCTION: The complete mesocolic excision (CME) and central vascular ligation (CVL) is an advanced surgical technique used to treat colon cancer. It combines the removal of the affected portion of the colon and surrounding lymph nodes with an improved method of controlling the vascular supply to the tumour.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with colon cancer underwent right hemicolectomy (either CME and CVL or conventional method) were operated by colorectal surgeons in a tertiary centre in Kuala Lumpur from 2018 to 2020. We review the data to compare the oncological, pathological and surgical outcomes of both techniques. Categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Continuous variables were compared using an independent t-test or Mann-Whitney Rank U test. The chi-square test was used to determine the association between categorical variables and mortality. Statistical analysis was conducted with IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0, and statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

RESULTS: A total of 30 patients (CME and CVL=15 or conventional colectomies=15) were included in this study with mean age of 65 years. There was no statistical difference between the mean age of the two groups (p=0.355). Most of the patients were Malays (46.7%) followed by Chinese (43.3 %) and Indians (10.0%). The mean (SD) = 19 (9) number of lymph nodes harvested is more in CME and CVL groups which however is not statistically significant compared to the mean (SD) = 16 (9), number of lymph nodes in conventional colectomies. The duration of surgery is longer in CME and CVL groups (214 minutes) compared to conventional colectomies (188 minutes) but with no significant statistical difference. Most of the perioperative complications were similar in both groups with no significant statistical differences.

CONCLUSION: CME and CVL are not inferior to conventional surgery in colon surgery in a tertiary centre. It should be considered since the advantages such as lymph node yield and median recurrence free survival are better with similar perioperative morbidity.

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