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Therapeutic Avenues to Modulate B-Cell Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease.

The adaptive immune system plays an important role in the development and progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. B cells can have both proatherogenic and atheroprotective roles, making treatments aimed at modulating B cells important therapeutic targets. The innate-like B-cell response is generally considered atheroprotective, while the adaptive response is associated with mixed consequences for atherosclerosis. Additionally, interactions of B cells with components of the adaptive and innate immune system, including T cells and complement, also represent key points for therapeutic regulation. In this review, we discuss therapeutic approaches based on B-cell depletion, modulation of B-cell survival, manipulation of both the antibody-dependent and antibody-independent B-cell response, and emerging immunization techniques.

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