Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Impact of body composition, grip strength, and physical performance on clinical outcomes for locally advanced gastric cancer during neoadjuvant chemotherapy: A prospective cohort study.

Nutrition 2024 April 25
OBJECTIVE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) is critical in treating locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). However, the effect of body composition, grip strength, and physical performance during neoadjuvant chemotherapy remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the impact of these factors on perioperative clinical outcomes in LAGC patients undergoing NC.

METHODS: A total of 162 consecutive patients receiving NC at two centers were prospectively registered between June 2022 and September 2023. The data on body composition parameters, grip strength, and physical performance during NC were collected, compared, and analyzed. The primary outcome was the tumor response after completion of NC.

RESULTS: Overall, we included 92 LAGC patients. No significant changes were observed in body composition, grip strength, and physical performance after NC. The change in skeletal muscle index and grip strength were both significantly lower in the patients with poor tumor response. According to the Youden index, the cutoff values of △SMI and △grip strength were -2.0 and -2.8, respectively. Based on these two parameters, the area under the curve to predict tumor response was 0.817 (P < 0.001). Furthermore, visceral fat index (VFI) loss >6.9 and 5-time chair stand test increase >2.4 independently predicted postoperative complication (OR: 3.82, 95% CI: 1.138-12.815, P = 0.030; OR: 5.01, 95% CI: 1.086-23.131, P = 0.039, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: For LAGC patients receiving NC, changes in SMI, VFI, grip strength, and physical status can predict perioperative clinical outcomes. These patients should be given special nutritional intervention.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app