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Coronary Angiography in Patients With Left Ventricular Hypertrabeculation/Noncompaction.

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) is a cardiac abnormality of unknown pathogenesis, frequently associated with neuromuscular disorders. The relevance of coronary artery disease (CAD) in LVHT is largely unknown. This study aimed to assess the role of CAD as a prognostic marker in LVHT.

METHODS: Data from patients with LVHT were collected from an echocardiographic laboratory. The hospital information system was retrospectively screened for coronary angiography. The association of CAD with clinical, echocardiographic, and neurologic baseline parameters was assessed. End points were all-cause death and heart transplantation.

RESULTS: A total of 154 patients (mean [SD] age, 57 [13.7] years; 31% female) who had undergone coronary angiography between 1995 and 2020 were included in the study. Coronary angiography disclosed CAD in 53 of 154 patients. Patients with CAD were older (mean [SD] age of, 64.2 [12.9] years vs 52.7 [12.4] years; P < .001); more frequently had angina pectoris (P = .05), diabetes (P = .002), and hypertension (P = .03); and more frequently had 3 or more electrocardiographic abnormalities (P = .04) than patients without CAD. During a median (IQR) follow-up period of 6.48 (2.44-11.20) years, 39% of patients reached an end point (death, n = 56; heart transplantation, n = 4). Mortality was 4.5% per year, and the rate of death or heart transplantation did not differ between patients with and without CAD (P = .26). Patients with 3-vessel disease had a worse prognosis than patients with 1- or 2-vessel disease (P = .046).

CONCLUSION: In patients with LVHT, CAD does not appear to be associated with an increased rate of death or heart transplantation.

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