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7 Tesla magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging predicting IDH status and glioma grading.

INTRODUCTION: With the application of high-resolution 3D 7 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Imaging (MRSI) in high-grade gliomas, we previously identified intratumoral metabolic heterogeneities. In this study, we evaluated the potential of 3D 7 T-MRSI for the preoperative noninvasive classification of glioma grade and isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) status. We demonstrated that IDH mutation and glioma grade are detectable by ultra-high field (UHF) MRI. This technique might potentially optimize the perioperative management of glioma patients.

METHODS: We prospectively included 36 patients with WHO 2021 grade 2-4 gliomas (20 IDH mutated, 16 IDH wildtype). Our 7 T 3D MRSI sequence provided high-resolution metabolic maps (e.g., choline, creatine, glutamine, and glycine) of these patients' brains. We employed multivariate random forest and support vector machine models to voxels within a tumor segmentation, for classification of glioma grade and IDH mutation status.

RESULTS: Random forest analysis yielded an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.86 for multivariate IDH classification based on metabolic ratios. We distinguished high- and low-grade tumors by total choline (tCho) / total N-acetyl-aspartate (tNAA) ratio difference, yielding an AUC of 0.99. Tumor categorization based on other measured metabolic ratios provided comparable accuracy.

CONCLUSIONS: We successfully classified IDH mutation status and high- versus low-grade gliomas preoperatively based on 7 T MRSI and clinical tumor segmentation. With this approach, we demonstrated imaging based tumor marker predictions at least as accurate as comparable studies, highlighting the potential application of MRSI for pre-operative tumor classifications.

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