Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Exploring Gut Microbiota Alterations with Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole and Dexamethasone in a Humanized Microbiome Mouse Model.

Microorganisms 2024 May 18
Along with the standard therapies for glioblastoma, patients are commonly prescribed trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and dexamethasone for preventing infections and reducing cerebral edema, respectively. Because the gut microbiota impacts the efficacy of cancer therapies, it is important to understand how these medications impact the gut microbiota of patients. Using mice that have been colonized with human microbiota, this study sought to examine how TMP-SMX and dexamethasone affect the gut microbiome. Two lines of humanized microbiota (HuM) Rag1-/- mice, HuM1Rag and HuM2Rag, were treated with either TMP-SMX or dexamethasone via oral gavage once a day for a week. Fecal samples were collected pre-treatment (pre-txt), one week after treatment initiation (1 wk post txt), and three weeks post-treatment (3 wk post txt), and bacterial DNA was analyzed using 16S rRNA-sequencing. The HuM1Rag mice treated with TMP-SMX had significant shifts in alpha diversity, beta diversity, and functional pathways at all time points, whereas in the HuM2Rag mice, it resulted in minimal changes in the microbiome. Likewise, dexamethasone treatment resulted in significant changes in the microbiome of the HuM1Rag mice, whereas the microbiome of the HuM2Rag mice was mostly unaffected. The results of our study show that routine medications used during glioblastoma treatment can perturb gut microbiota, with some microbiome compositions being more sensitive than others, and these treatments could potentially affect the overall efficacy of standard-of-care therapy.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app