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[Nuclear medicine procedure guideline for sentinel lymph node localization].

The authors present a procedure guideline for scintigraphic detection of sentinel lymph nodes in malignant melanoma, in breast cancer, in penile and vulva tumors, in head and neck cancer, and in prostate carcinoma. Important goals of sentinel lymph node scintigraphy comprise reduction of the extent of surgery, lower postoperative morbidity and optimization of histopathological examination focussing on relevant lymph nodes. Sentinel lymph node scintigraphy itself does not diagnose tumorous lymph node involvement and is not indicated when lymph node or distant metastases have been definitely diagnosed before sentinel lymph node scintigraphy. Procedures are compiled with the aim to reliably localise sentinel lymph nodes with a high detection rate typically in early tumour stages. New aspects in this guideline are new radiopharmaceuticals such as tilmanocept and Tc-99m-PSMA and SPECT/CT allowing an easier anatomical orientation. Initial dynamic lymphoscintigraphy in breast cancer is of little significance nowadays. Radiation exposure is low so that pregnancy is not a contraindication for sentinel lymph node scintigraphy. A one-day protocol should preferentially be used. Even with high volumes of scintigraphic sentinel lymph node procedures surgeons, theatre staff and pathologists receive a radiation exposure < 1 mSv/year so that they do not require occupational radiation surveillance. Aspects of quality control were included (scintigraphy, quality control of gamma probe, 6 h SLN course for surgeons, certified breast centers, medical surveillance center).

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