Journal Article
Multicenter Study
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Noninvasive Assessment of Tumor Histological Grade in Invasive Breast Carcinoma Based on Ultrasound Radiomics and Clinical Characteristics: A Multicenter Study.

Rationale and Objectives: We aimed to develop and validate prediction models for histological grade of invasive breast carcinoma (BC) based on ultrasound radiomics features and clinical characteristics. Materials and Methods: A number of 383 patients with invasive BC were retrospectively enrolled and divided into a training set (207 patients), internal validation set (90 patients), and external validation set (86 patients). Ultrasound radiomics features were extracted from all the eligible patients. The Boruta method was used to identify the most useful features. Seven classifiers were adopted to developed prediction models. The output of the classifier with best performance was labeled as the radiomics score (Rad-score) and the classifier was selected as the Rad-score model. A combined model combining clinical factors and Rad-score was developed. The performance of the models was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Seven radiomics features were selected from 788 candidate features. The logistic regression model performing best among the 7 classifiers in the internal and external validation sets was considered as Rad-score model, with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 0.731 and 0.738. The tumor size was screened out as the risk factor and the combined model was developed, with AUC values of 0.721 and 0.737 in the internal and external validation sets. Furthermore, the 10-fold cross-validation demonstrated that the 2 models above were reliable and stable. Conclusion: The Rad-score model and combined model were able to predict histological grade of invasive BC, which may enable tailored therapeutic strategies for patients with BC in routine clinical use.

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