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Construction and significance of a breast cancer prognostic model based on cuproptosis-related genotyping and lncRNAs.

BACKGROUND: /Purpose: Cuproptosis may play a significant role in breast cancer (BC). We aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of cuproptosis-related lncRNAs in BC.

METHODS: Consensus clustering analysis categorized TCGA-BRCA samples into 3 clusters, followed by survival and immune analyses of the 3 clusters. LASSO-COX analysis was performed on cuproptosis-related lncRNAs differentially expressed in BC to construct a BC prognostic model. Gene Ontology/Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (GO/KEGG) enrichment, immune, and drug prediction analyses were performed on the high-risk and low-risk groups. Cell experiments were conducted to analyze the results of drug prediction and two cuproptosis-related lncRNAs (AC104211.1 and LINC01863).

RESULTS: Significant differences were observed in survival outcomes and immune infiltration levels among the three clusters (p < 0.05). The validation of the model showed significant differences in survival outcomes between the high-risk and low-risk groups in both the training and validation sets (p < 0.05). Differential mRNAs between the two groups were significantly enriched in the Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and cAMP signaling pathway. Additionally, significant differences were found in immune infiltration levels, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression, Immunophenoscore (IPS) scores, and Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) scores between the two groups (p < 0.05). Drug prediction and corresponding cell experimental results showed that Trametinib, 5-fluorouracil, and AICAR significantly inhibited the viability of MCF-7 cells (p < 0.05). AC104211.1 and LINC01863 were found to impact the proliferation of BC cells.

CONCLUSION: The risk-scoring model obtained in this study may serve as a robust prognostic biomarker, potentially aiding in clinical decision-making for BC patients.

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