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Association of atrial mechanical dispersion with atrial fibrillation recurrence following catheter ablation: results of the ASTRA-AF pilot study.

AIMS: For patients with symptomatic drug-refractory atrial fibrillation (AF), catheter ablation to achieve rhythm control is an important therapeutic option. The atrial mechanical dispersion measured as standard deviation of the time to peak strain (SD-TPS) is associated with the risk of AF recurrence following catheter ablation.

METHODS: The study cohort prospectively enrolled n = 132 consecutive patients with paroxysmal (n = 88) or persistent AF (n = 44) presenting for de novo pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and followed for 1 year. We related left atrial (LA) volume, LA ejection fraction, SD-TPS, and global longitudinal strain of the left ventricle and clinical variables (sex, age, and type of AF) to AF recurrence.

RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier curves showed higher AF recurrence rate with an increase of SD-TPS with the calculated cut-off of 38.6 ms. Uni- and multivariable Cox regression analysis could show that SD-TPS had the highest relevance regarding AF recurrence with a HR of 1.05 (95% CI, 1.01; 1.09, p = 0.01) and HR of 1.05 (95% CI, 1.01; 1.09, p = 0.02) per 10 ms increase. In the additional analyses for the model including the clinical variables age, sex, and type of AF with paroxysmal or persisting AF, SD-TPS did only show a trend and after adjusting for covariates, SD-TPS showed a HR of 1.04 (95% CI, 0.99; 1.09, p = 0.09) per 10 ms increase.

CONCLUSION: Atrial mechanical dispersion was associated with recurrent AF.

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