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Extracellular volume fraction derived from dual-energy CT: a potential predictor for acute pancreatitis after pancreatoduodenectomy.

European Radiology 2024 May 18
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of extracellular volume (ECV) fraction and fat fraction (FF) derived from dual- energy CT (DECT) for predicting postpancreatectomy acute pancreatitis (PPAP) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).

METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent DECT and PD between April 2022 and September 2022. PPAP was determined according to the International Study Group for Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) definition. Iodine concentration (IC) and FF of the pancreatic parenchyma were measured on preoperative DECT. The ECV fraction was calculated from iodine map images of the equilibrium phase. The independent predictors for PPAP were assessed by univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.

RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients were retrospectively enrolled (median age, 60 years; interquartile range, 55-70 years; 47 men). Of these, nine patients (13.0%) developed PPAP. These patients had lower portal venous phase IC, equilibrium phase IC, FF, and ECV fraction, and higher pancreatic parenchymal-to-portal venous phase IC ratio and pancreatic parenchymal-to-equilibrium phase IC ratio, compared with patients without PPAP. After multivariable analysis, ECV fraction was independently associated with PPAP (odd ratio [OR], 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.79, 0.96; p < 0.001), with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.839 (sensitivity 100.0%, specificity 58.3%).

CONCLUSIONS: A lower ECV fraction is independently associated with the occurrence of PPAP after PD. ECV fraction may serve as a potential predictor for PPAP after PD.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: DECT-derived ECV fraction of pancreatic parenchyma is a promising biomarker for surgeons to preoperatively identify patients with higher risk for postpancreatectomy acute pancreatitis after PD and offer selective perioperative management.

KEY POINTS: PPAP is a complication of pancreatic surgery, early identification of higher-risk patients allows for risk mitigation. Lower DECT-derived ECV fraction was independently associated with the occurrence of PPAP after PD. DECT aids in preoperative PAPP risk stratification, allowing for appropriate treatment to minimize complications.

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