Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Expanding the genetic and phenotypic relevance of CLCN4 variants in neurodevelopmental condition: 13 new patients.

OBJECTIVES: CLCN4 variations have recently been identified as a genetic cause of X-linked neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aims to broaden the phenotypic spectrum of CLCN4-related condition and correlate it with functional consequences of CLCN4 variants.

METHODS: We described 13 individuals with CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental disorder. We analyzed the functional consequence of the unreported variants using heterologous expression, biochemistry, confocal fluorescent microscopy, patch-clamp electrophysiology, and minigene splicing assay.

RESULTS: We identified five novel (p.R41W, p.L348V, p.G480R, p.R603W, c.1576 + 5G > A) and three known (p.T203I, p.V275M, p.A555V) pathogenic CLCN4 variants in 13 Chinese patients. The p.V275M variant is found at high frequency and seen in four unrelated individuals. All had global developmental delay (GDD)/intellectual disability (ID). Seizures were present in eight individuals, and 62.5% of them developed refractory epilepsy. Five individuals without seizures showed moderate to severe GDD/ID. Developmental delay precedes seizure onset in most patients. The variants p.R41W, p.L348V, and p.R603W compromise the anion/exchange function of ClC-4. p.R41W partially impairs ClC-3/ClC-4 association. p.G480R reduces ClC-4 expression levels and impairs the heterodimerization with ClC-3. The c.1576 + 5G > A variant causes 22 bp deletion of exon 10.

CONCLUSIONS: We further define and broaden the clinical and mutational spectrum of CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental conditions. The p.V275M variant may be a potential hotspot CLCN4 variant in Chinese patients. The five novel variants cause loss of function of ClC-4. Transport dysfunction, protein instability, intracellular trafficking defect, or failure of ClC-4 to oligomerize may contribute to the pathophysiological events leading to CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental disorder.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app