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Impact of prior COVID-19 infection on allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation outcomes.

There are limited data on outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in recipients with prior COVID-19 infection. This single-center retrospective study included 54 adult patients who received allo-HSCT from July 2020 to September 2021 after previous COVID-19 infection and 122 control group patients without a history of COVID-19 who underwent HSCT during the same period, with a median follow-up of 17 months. Median time from COVID-19 to allo-HSCT was 211 days. The incidence of main complications in the post-transplant period was not significantly different between the two groups: deep vein thrombosis (p = .85), TMA (p = .8), VOD (p = .25), bloodstream infections (p = .21), pneumonia of any etiology (p = .41), viral infections (p = .85), invasive fungal disease (p = .08). The 2-year non-relapse mortality, relapse incidence, overall survival, and progression-free survival also were comparable in the study and the control groups: 22% (95% CI 10.5-36.2) versus 26.3% (95% CI 18.7-34.6) p = .4; 15.6% (95% CI 7.3-26.9) versus 23.6% (95% CI 16.0-32.3) p = .39; 67.9% (95% CI 50.4-80.3) versus 59.8% (95% CI 50.2-68.1) p = .24 and 62.3% (95% CI 45.5-75.3) versus 49.9% (95% CI 40.0-59.1) p = .18, respectively. The history of previous COVID-19 infection did not affect the results of allo-HSCT.

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