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Evaluating the OpenAI's GPT-3.5 Turbo's performance in extracting information from scientific articles on diabetic retinopathy.

Systematic Reviews 2024 May 17
We aimed to compare the concordance of information extracted and the time taken between a large language model (OpenAI's GPT-3.5 Turbo via API) against conventional human extraction methods in retrieving information from scientific articles on diabetic retinopathy (DR). The extraction was done using GPT3.5 Turbo as of October 2023. OpenAI's GPT-3.5 Turbo significantly reduced the time taken for extraction. Concordance was highest at 100% for the extraction of the country of study, 64.7% for significant risk factors of DR, 47.1% for exclusion and inclusion criteria, and lastly 41.2% for odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The concordance levels seemed to indicate the complexity associated with each prompt. This suggests that OpenAI's GPT-3.5 Turbo may be adopted to extract simple information that is easily located in the text, leaving more complex information to be extracted by the researcher. It is crucial to note that the foundation model is constantly improving significantly with new versions being released quickly. Subsequent work can focus on retrieval-augmented generation (RAG), embedding, chunking PDF into useful sections, and prompting to improve the accuracy of extraction.

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