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Dose-Volume Parameters of Spared Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Defined Active Bone Marrow Predict Hematologic Toxicity in Pelvic Malignancies Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy: A Cohort Study.

Background: The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the superiority of dose-volume parameters relying on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-defined active bone marrow (ABM) over those based on total bone marrow (TBM) contoured via CT in the prediction of hematologic toxicity (HT) occurrence among patients with pelvic malignancies undergoing radiotherapy. Methods: The clinical data of 116 patients with pelvic malignancies treated with pelvic radiotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. The ABM areas on T1-weighted MRI were contoured. The statistical significance between TBM and ABM dose-volume measures was assessed through the utilization of either Student's t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test. Logistic and linear regression models were employed to analyze the correlation between dose-volume parameters (V5-V50) and HT occurrence in pelvic ABM and TBM. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare predictors of HT2+. Results: There were significant differences in dosimetric parameters between ABM and TBM. Logistic regression analysis showed that ABM V5, ABM V10, ABM V15, ABM V20, and TBM V5 were significantly associated with the occurrence of HT2+ in pelvic malignancies. Linear regression analysis showed that ABM V5, ABM V10, and ABM V15 were significantly associated with white blood cell (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), hemoglobin (Hb), and lymphocyte (Lym) nadir. ABM V5, ABM V10, ABM V15, and ABM V30 were predictive of HT2+. Conclusions: More accurate prediction of HT in patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy may be achieved by relying on dose-volume parameters of MRI-based ABM. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm this.

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