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Effectiveness and safety of telitacicept for refractory generalized myasthenia gravis: a retrospective study.

BACKGROUND: Refractory generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) remains a substantial therapeutic challenge. Telitacicept, a recombinant human B-lymphocyte stimulator receptor-antibody fusion protein, holds promise for interrupting the immunopathology of this condition.

OBJECTIVES: This study retrospectively assessed the effectiveness and safety of telitacicept in patients with refractory GMG.

DESIGN: A single-center retrospective study.

METHODS: Patients with refractory GMG receiving telitacicept (160 mg/week or biweekly) from January to September in 2023 were included. We assessed effectiveness using Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America post-intervention status (MGFA-PIS), myasthenia gravis treatment status and intensity (MGSTI), quantitative myasthenia gravis (QMG), and MG-activity of daily living (ADL) scores, alongside reductions in prednisone dosage at 3- and 6-month intervals. Safety profiles were also evaluated.

RESULTS: Sixteen patients with MGFA class II-V refractory GMG were included, with eight females and eight males. All patients were followed up for at least 3 months, and 11 patients reached 6 months follow-up. At the 3-month evaluation, 75% (12/16) demonstrated clinical improvement with MGFA-PIS. One patient achieved pharmacological remission, two attained minimal manifestation status, and nine showed functional improvement; three remained unchanged, and one deteriorated. By the 6-month visit, 90.1% (10/11) sustained significant symptomatic improvement. MGSTI scores and prednisone dosages significantly reduced at both follow-ups ( p  < 0.05). MG-ADL and QMG scores showed marked improvement at 6 months ( p  < 0.05). The treatment was well tolerated, with no severe adverse events such as allergy or infection reported.

CONCLUSION: Our exploratory investigation suggests that telitacicept is a feasible and well-tolerated add-on therapy for refractory GMG, offering valuable clinical evidence for this novel treatment option.

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