Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Application of convolutional neural network for differentiating ovarian thecoma-fibroma and solid ovarian cancer based on MRI.

Acta Radiologica 2024 May 16
BACKGROUND: Ovarian thecoma-fibroma and solid ovarian cancer have similar clinical and imaging features, and it is difficult for radiologists to differentiate them. Since the treatment and prognosis of them are different, accurate characterization is crucial.

PURPOSE: To non-invasively differentiate ovarian thecoma-fibroma and solid ovarian cancer by convolutional neural network based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to provide the interpretability of the model.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 156 tumors, including 86 ovarian thecoma-fibroma and 70 solid ovarian cancer, were split into the training set, the validation set, and the test set according to the ratio of 8:1:1 by stratified random sampling. In this study, we used four different networks, two different weight modes, two different optimizers, and four different sizes of regions of interest (ROI) to test the model performance. This process was repeated 10 times to calculate the average performance of the test set. The gradient weighted class activation mapping (Grad-CAM) was used to explain how the model makes classification decisions by visual location map.

RESULTS: ResNet18, which had pre-trained weight, using Adam and one multiple ROI circumscribed rectangle, achieved best performance. The average accuracy, precision, recall, and AUC were 0.852, 0.828, 0.848, and 0.919 ( P  < 0.01), respectively. Grad-CAM showed areas associated with classification appeared on the edge or interior of ovarian thecoma-fibroma and the interior of solid ovarian cancer.

CONCLUSION: This study shows that convolution neural network based on MRI can be helpful for radiologists in differentiating ovarian thecoma-fibroma and solid ovarian cancer.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app