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Effect of fezolinetant on sleep disturbance and impairment during treatment of vasomotor symptoms due to menopause.

Maturitas 2024 May 15
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the effect of fezolinetant on patient-reported sleep disturbance and impairment in individuals with vasomotor symptoms (VMS) using pooled data from the SKYLIGHT 1 and 2 studies.

STUDY DESIGN: The SKYLIGHT studies were phase-3, double-blind investigations. Individuals (≥40-≤65 years) who were assigned female at birth and seeking treatment of/relief from moderate-to-severe VMS were enrolled. Participants were randomised to receive placebo, fezolinetant 30 mg, or fezolinetant 45 mg during a 12-week treatment period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sleep assessments: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Sleep Disturbance - Short Form 8b (PROMIS SD SF 8b), PROMIS Sleep-Related Impairment - Short Form 8a (PROMIS SRI SF 8a), and Patient Global Impression of Change/Severity in SD (PGI-C SD and PGI-S SD). Assessments were completed at baseline (except PGI-C SD), weeks 4 and 12.

RESULTS: Overall, 1022 individuals were randomised and took ≥1 dose of study drug. PROMIS SD SF 8b results showed that improvements in sleep disturbance were observed for fezolinetant 30 and 45 mg versus placebo (week 12, least squares [LS] mean differences: -0.6 [95 % confidence interval [CI]: -1.7, 0.4] for 30 mg and -1.5 [-2.5, -0.5] for 45 mg). Similar improvements in sleep impairment were reported using the PROMIS SRI SF 8a (week 12, LS mean differences: -1.1 [95 % CI: -2.1, -0.1] for 30 mg and -1.3 [-2.3, -0.3] for 45 mg). For PGI-C SD at week 12, 33.6 % (98/292 participants) of the placebo group felt much/moderately better versus 40.1 % (110/274) and 51.0 % (154/302) of the fezolinetant 30 mg and 45 mg groups, respectively. For PGI-S SD at week 12, 44.0 % (129/293) of the placebo group had severe/moderate problems versus 41.1 % (113/275) and 36.6 % (111/303) of the fezolinetant 30 mg and 45 mg groups, respectively. The 12-week timeframe for this analysis was limited by the length of the placebo-controlled period.

CONCLUSIONS: Fezolinetant had a beneficial effect on four measures of sleep disturbance and impairment following treatment for VMS.

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