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Two-minute standing endurance test for axial postural abnormalities in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Gait & Posture 2024 May 15
BACKGROUND: Photo-based measurement methods are used to assess axial postural abnormalities (PA) in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, they capture only moments in time. We developed the 2-minute standing endurance test (2 M-SET), which specifically captures temporal changes in posture, as a novel dynamic method for measuring axial PA in patients with PD.

RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to verify the effectiveness and validity of the 2 M-SET for capturing temporal changes in axial PA in patients with PD.

METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with PD participated. The participants attempted to maintain an upright posture for 2 minutes during three tasks: standing, stepping in place, and walking. The rate of change in postural angle was recorded at 10-second intervals. Based on the results, the 2 M-SET was developed. Therapists evaluated the 2 M-SET using the NeuroPostureApp© to measure anterior trunk flexion (ATF) angles and lateral trunk flexion (LTF) angles at 0, 10, 30, 60, and 120 seconds. To assess reliability, the congruence between the measurements obtained by the therapists and those obtained using a three-dimensional motion-analysis system was examined. For validity, we assessed whether the ATF and LTF angles measured by the therapists could accurately capture postural changes at regular intervals over time.

RESULTS: The average postural changes over 2 minutes for the standing, stepping in place, and gait tasks were 59.2±83.5%, 37.6±30.7%, and 45.4±50.6%, respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficients showed high reliability, with values of 0.985 and 0.970 for the ATF and LTF angles, respectively.

SIGNIFICANCE: The results of our proposed 2 M-SET method, which uses temporal photo-based measurements to assess the patient's ability to maintain an upright standing position for 2 minutes, demonstrate the potential to capture temporal changes in axial PA.

DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: The data supporting the findings of this study are available upon reasonable request and approval from the local ethics committee.

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