Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Characterization of the 263K-derived microsomal fraction: a source of prions for nanofiltration validation studies.

Transfusion 2024 May 16
BACKGROUND: The manufacturing processes of plasma products include steps that can remove prions. The efficacy of these steps is measured in validation studies using animal brain-derived prion materials called spikes. Because the nature of the prion agent in blood is not known, the relevance of these spikes, particularly with steps that are based on retention mechanisms such as nanofiltration, is important to investigate.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The aggregation and sizes of PrPres assemblies of microsomal fractions (MFs) extracted from 263K-infected hamster brains were analyzed using velocity gradients. The separated gradient fractions were either inoculated to Tg7 mice expressing hamster-PrPc to measure infectivity or used in Protein Misfolding Cyclic Amplification for measuring seeding activity. The collected data allowed for reanalyzing results from previous nanofiltration validation studies.

RESULTS: A significant portion of MFs was found to be composed of small PrPres assemblies, estimated to have a size ≤24 mers (~22-528 kDa), and to contain a minimum of 20% of total prion infectivity. With this data we could calculate reductions of 4.10 log (15 N), 2.53 log (35 N), and 1.77 log (35 N) from validation studies specifically for these small PrPres objects.

CONCLUSION: Our gradient data provided evidence that nanofilters can remove the majority of the smallest PrPres entities within microsomes spikes, estimated to be in a size below 24 mers, giving insight about the fact that, in our conditions, size exclusion may not be the only mechanism for retention nanofiltration.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app