Journal Article
Observational Study
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Nutritional responsiveness affects novel neutrophil parameters and reduces in-hospital mortality and costs in elective cancer oesophagectomy - a single centre, prospective, observational study.

INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition in surgical patients remains a common issue affecting the perioperative period. Oesophageal cancer is a disease associated with one of the highest malnutrition rates. Assessment of patient nutritional status remains a challenge due to limited validated tools. Novel parameters to identify malnourished patients and the effectiveness of preoperative nutritional intervention might improve treatment results in the perioperative period.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, single-centre study of patients scheduled for elective oesophagectomy. The primary aim of this study was to establish the correlation between neutrophil reactivity intensity (NEUT-RI) and neutrophil granularity intensity (NEUT-GI) and patients' nutritional status. We divided patients into nutritional responders (R group) and nutritional non-responders (NR group) defined as regaining at least 25% of the maximum preoperative body weight loss during the preoperative period.

RESULTS: The R group had significantly shorter intensive care unit (ICU) stays: 5.5 (4-8) vs. 13 (7-31) days ( P = 0.01). It resulted in a lower cost of ICU stays in the R group: 4775.2 (3938.9-7640.7) vs. 12255.8 (7787.6-49108.7) euro in the NR group ( P = 0.01). Between the R group and the NR group, we observed statistically significant differences in both preoperative NEUT-RI (48.6 vs. 53.4, P = 0.03) and NEUT-GI (154.6 vs. 159.3, P = 0.02). Apart from the T grade, the only preoperative factor associated with reduced mortality was the nutritional responsiveness: 11.1% vs. 71.4% ( P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative nutritional responsiveness affects neutrophil intensity indexes and reduces in-hospital mortality and costs associated with hospital stay. Further research is required to determine the correlation between novel neutrophil parameters and patients' nutritional status.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app