Journal Article
Observational Study
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PreScheck Team Study: prehabilitation clinic as an effective patient management tool in elective cardiac surgery.

INTRODUCTION: The main purpose of the study was to assess the impact of preoperative interdisciplinary assessment by the PreScheck Team on optimization of the final selection for elective cardiac surgery.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a single-centre prospective observational study. The examined population consisted of 933 adult patients planned for cardiac surgery. After the exclusion of urgent operations, the study group consisted of 288 patients planned for elective cardiac surgery within 3 months from 1.01.2023 with PreScheck assessment (PreScheck Team group 2) and a control group of 311 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery between 1.03.2022 and 30.06.2022 (4 months), without preoperative interdiscipli-nary assessment (No PreScheck Team group 2).

RESULTS: Fifty-two patients (18.06%) from the study group were finally excluded from the surgery on the scheduled date. In 46 patients (88.46%) the temporary or permanent exclusion from surgery was a result of PreScheck Team assessment. In the control group 42 patients (13.5%) did not undergo surgery on the scheduled date. Twenty-seven of those patients (8.97%) were permanently excluded from cardiac surgery after admission to the hospital and required additional tests before the final clinical decision, with total hospitalization time of 146 days.

CONCLUSIONS: Pre Surgery Check (PreScheck) Team is an original concept that combines classical preoperative assessment and an outpatient prehabilitation clinic. The approach we are proposing here should be a complementary stage in the process of selection for elective cardiac surgery, in addition to the Heart Team recommendation. This two-step decision-making enables real individual risk assessment, selection of the most suitable intervention and better use of medical resources.

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