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iGlarLixi for type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Endocrine 2024 May 14
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of iGlarLixi-a novel, fixed-ratio, soluble combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide-for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D).

METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched from inception to November 15, 2023 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing iGlarLixi with a placebo or any other antidiabetic agent in adults with T2D. Risk ratios (RRs) and mean differences (MDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the outcomes.

RESULTS: A total of 10 trials enrolling 6071 T2D patients were included. Compared with placebos or other antidiabetic agents, iGlarLixi exerted beneficial effects on changes in HbA1c, the percentage of patients who achieved an HbA1c < 7%, the percentage of patients who achieved an HbA1c < 6.5%, the percentage of patients who achieved an HbA1c < 7.0% without weight gain and/or without severe or blood glucose-confirmed hypoglycemic episodes, changes in fasting plasma glucose, and changes in self-measured plasma glucose. Regarding safety, iGlarLixi did not increase the incidence of severe hypoglycemia or serious adverse events but did increase the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events, symptomatic hypoglycemia, and adverse events (e.g., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea).

CONCLUSIONS: iGlarLixi showed improved efficacy and safety in patients with T2D. Additional large, multicenter RCTs are warranted to obtain deeper insights into the efficacy and safety of iGlarLixi, thereby providing guidance for clinical treatment decisions.

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