Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Prehospital Ground and Helicopter-Based Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (ECPR) Reduce Barriers to ECPR: A GIS Model.

INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (ECPR) can improve survival rates for nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, when ECPR is indicated over 50% of potential candidates are unable to qualify in the current hospital-based system due to geographic limitations. This study employs a Geographic Information System (GIS) model to estimate the number of ECPR eligible patients within the United States in the current hospital-based system, a prehospital ECPR ground-based system, and a prehospital ECPR Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS)-based system.

METHODS: We constructed a GIS model to estimate ground and helicopter transport times. Time-dependent rates of ECPR eligibility were derived from the Resuscitation Outcome Consortium (ROC) database, while the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) registry determined the number of OHCA patients meeting ECPR criteria within designated transportation times. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) response time, ECPR candidacy determination time, and on-scene time were modeled based on data from the EROCA trial. The combined model was used to estimate the total ECPR eligibility in each system.

RESULTS: The CARES registry recorded 736,066 OHCA patients from 2013 to 2021. After applying clinical criteria, 24,661 (3.4%) ECPR-indicated OHCA were identified. When considering overall ECPR eligibility within 45 min from OHCA to initiation, only 11.76% of OHCA where ECPR was indicated were eligible in the current hospital-based system. The prehospital ECPR HEMS-based system exhibited a four-fold increase in ECPR eligibility (49.3%), while the prehospital ground-based system showed a more than two-fold increase (28.4%).

CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates a two-fold increase in ECPR eligibility for a prehospital ECPR ground-based system and a four-fold increase for a prehospital ECPR HEMS-based system compared to the current hospital-based ECPR system. This novel GIS model can inform future ECPR implementation strategies, optimizing systems of care.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app