Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Mechanical stretch preconditioned adipose-derived stem cells elicit polarization of anti-inflammatory M2-like macrophages and improve chronic wound healing.

Transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) is a promising option in the field of chronic wounds treatment. However, the effectiveness of ASCs therapies has been hampered by highly inflammatory environment in chronic wound areas. These problems could be partially circumvented using efficient approaches that boost the survival and anti-inflammatory capacity of transplanted ASCs. Here, by application of mechanical stretch (MS), we show that ASCs exhibits increased survival and immunoregulatory properties in vitro. MS triggers the secretion of macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) from ASCs, a chemokine that is linked to anti-inflammatory M2-like macrophages polarization. When the MS-ASCs were transplanted to chronic wounds, the wound area yields significantly faster closure rate and lower inflammatory mediators, largely due to macrophages polarization driven by transplanted MS-ASCs. Thus, our work shows that mechanical stretch can be harnessed to enhance ASCs transplantation efficiency in chronic wounds treatment.

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