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Reinforcement in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Is It Effective?

BACKGROUND: Despite the success of bariatric surgery in treating obesity, it can still lead to complications. The most serious and feared technical complications are bleeding and leakage from the gastric staple line. In this study, stapler line reinforcement was investigated to determine whether it affects postoperative leakage and bleeding rates and their management.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 510 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy were evaluated retrospectively. They were divided into 2 groups according to whether reinforcement of the staple line with running imbricating sutures was performed.

RESULTS: In the reinforcement group, there were two leaks (0.7%), which were diagnosed seven and eight days after surgery. In the non-reinforcement group, there were nine leaks (4%). There was no difference between the two groups in staple line bleeding.

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that reinforcement with continuous imbricating sutures is associated with less stapler line leakage and a lower reoperation rate at the cost of increased operative time.

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